Things You Didn’t Know About What Is A Serger Sewing Machine

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A Step-by-Step Guide to What Is a Serger Sewing Machine

You may have never heard of a serger sewing machine before. If you stroll in the sewers, you’ll hear this term a lot. This brief article explains what a serger sewing machine is, its kinds, and what each of them can do. You’ll be able to determine whether one is necessary in this manner.

In sewing terms, what exactly is a serger?

Multiple threads are used to stitch the cloth together on this sort of sewing machine. During this process, the raw edges of the cloth are clouded. A serger may be used for both finishing and construction. Stitches may be made with as little as two or as many as eight threads, depending on the serger type. Three or four threads are often used in most stitching methods.

In this piece, I’ll explain what a serger sewing machine is and what it can accomplish. After that, you’ll learn about its many varieties, role in garment making, and more.In what way does a Serger Sewing Machine function, and how does it operate

what is a serger

Sergers use numerous threads to stitch cloth together and then overcast the raw edges to hide them. A serger is a great technique to ensure that your seams are neat and tidy.

Stitching density and width are two of the most important factors to keep in mind while using a serger. There are several differences between serger sewing machines in terms of features. In the same way as any other equipment, the more expensive it is, the more features it contains.

Serging with 2, 3, 4, or 5 threads

It is possible to acquire sergers based on the kind of thread you want to use. When using a serger, how many threads you use has an impact on the outcomes you want to achieve.

Serger with 2-4 threads

Two-thread overlocked edges may be produced by this serger sewing machine as well as a real safety stitch. Use two threads and a serger to create each stitch independently on every operation.

Serger with 3-4 threads

There are three or four threads that may be used with this serger sewing machine. You’ll get a stretchy seam whether you stitch with three or four threads. In contrast, a four-thread seam generates a broader and more robust seam than a two-thread one. When you replace the throat plate on most 3- or 4-thread sergers, you’ll also get a rolled-hem function. Using the serger, the fabric’s raw edge is rolled under and stitched shut. When used in conjunction with a separate seam or safety stitch, the four-thread seam is referred to as a “mock safety stitch.”

Serger with 5 threads

Despite its high price, this serger sewing machine has all of the seam functionality you need. The straight seam line is made with two threads, whereas the overlocked edge is made with three. Chain-stitched straight seams are often seen in ready-made garments with overlocked edges. Rather of stitching between machines, this sewing machine produces a solid seam and finish throughout manufacturing.

Is It Necessary To Use A Serger When Sewing Clothes?


The fact that a serger sewing machine produces a lovely, neat edge on every seam indicates that it is a must-have device for anyone who like sewing. Its cutting blade cuts the edge of the cloth as the higher and lower looper threads are looping it around the cutting blade. The edge of the cloth is effectively protected or secured as a consequence of this.

Another reason you may want a serger is if you’re doing some building. It may serve as your go-to sewing machine for knit projects due to the ability to hem knit items utilizing the cover stitch feature on the machine.

Hemming and finishing seams may give a garment a more professional appearance both inside and outside. A serger may also be used for woven materials that are used in the construction of a garment. When working on these kind of items, a 5 or 4 thread stitch is generally sufficient.

Can a Serger handle many types of fabrics such as wovens, knits, sequins, and lace?

The quick answer is that sure, it is possible. Sergers are designed to work with a variety of textiles, including lightweight to heavyweight fabrics, nonwoven or woven fabrics, textured and vinyl fabrics.

It is preferable, though, to match the stitch you are using to the kind of cloth you are working with. As an illustration:


When working with silk, use a three-thread stitch rather than a four-thread stitch to complete the fabric edge. Because silk is a lightweight fabric, a four-thread stitch may be too heavy for finishing seams and constructing garments out of it.


When dealing with knits, it is preferable to use a stretch needle rather than a standard overlock needle. Also, before sewing, try the kind of stitch you want to use with the needle you intend to use, as well as the thread you intend to use, on a scrap of cloth.

Finishes That Can Be Done With A Serger

Overlock Stitch

With a serger sewing machine, you may create an overlock stitch on your cloth to give it a professional look. This stitch contains at least one needle thread, as well as a lower and upper looper thread, and is made up of three threads. While forming the stitch, the bottom and upper looper threads are transported to the needle in a back and forth motion, similar to that of a sewing machine.

When the needle pierces through the cloth, the looper threads are held in place by the needle. At the edge of the cloth, the lower and upper looper threads cross or lock together, a process known as locking.

Thus, the upper looper thread is positioned on top of the fabric while the lower looper thread is positioned on the bottom, causing the fabric and needle to lock together at the edge of the cloth and the needle.

Wave Stitch

Baby Lock sergers are the only machines that can provide this sort of finish. The wave stitch is a decorative stitch that is made up of three threads: a needle thread, a lower looper thread, and an upper looper thread.

The needle is threaded with a regular overlock thread, while the lower and upper loppers are threaded with a decorative thread. The top looper’s thread route is adjusted to form a wave-like stitch, which is what the stitch’s name implies.

The underside of the stitch is comparable in appearance to a typical serger stitch. You may also pick from a variety of wave stitch styles, like the flatlock wave, reverse wave, and rolled wave, to complete your look.

Chain Stitch

Chain Stitch is a kind of stitch that is used to create a chain. A chain stitch is made up of two threads: a chain looper thread and a needle thread. When you look at the top of the thread, it seems to be comparable to a straight stitch, yet the underside appears to be a flat loop, similar to what is used on sacks of sugar, flour, or dog food, respectively.

Consider the process of opening a bag of rice. A similar phenomenon occurs when you locate and work with the correct stitch. This style of finish is also often seen on woven trousers, such as jeans.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

What Is the understanding of a serger sewing machine?

Stitching a seam, trimming the excess seam allowance, and overcasting the edge of your fabric can all be accomplished with a single pass using a serger, which is also referred to as an overlock machine. This makes it possible to achieve stitching of professional quality in a fraction of the time it would take using two separate machines. They move at a breakneck pace!

Is there a limit to the garments that may be made with a Serger?

When using a serger sewing machine, you can pretty much stitch any sort of clothing that you desire. Begin with outfits that have basic design lines and work your way up to more difficult garments as your skills improve. Dresses, slacks, knits, and jackets are just a few of the clothes that may be made using a serger.

Should I replace my conventional sewing machine with a Serger Sewing Machine?

Even while a serger may be used to finish certain jobs, it cannot be used in lieu of a traditional sewing machine. A typical sewing machine will enable you to do tasks such as zippers, facings, buttonholes, topstitching, and other similar tasks. Meanwhile, a serger sewing machine is incapable of doing any of these functions.

What is the difference between a sewing machine and a serger?

The manner of binding is the key point of differentiation. A chain stitch is used by certain sewing machines, however the majority of sewing machines use a lockstitch. A serger, on the other hand, utilizes an overlock stitch. Other distinctions include the following: Sergers may employ up to three different thread sources at once.

Is a serger an essential piece of equipment?

First and foremost, using a serger is the best technique to achieve a crisp edge on any seam. If you don’t have a serger, you should get one. Not only does the cutting blade snip the edge of the cloth, but also the upper and lower looper threads wrap around the edge of the fabric, therefore securing or protecting the edge of the fabric.

Can a newbie use a serger?

If you are searching for a serger that is appropriate for beginners, you should start with a 4 thread serger in most cases. The sorts of stitches that may be created on a serger are directly proportional to the number of threads that are used. Take into consideration sergers with 5-8 threads if you are interested in purchasing a machine that is capable of coverstitching and chain stitching.

What factors contribute to the high cost of sergers?

A more costly serger may have as many as five threads, and some models may even have differential feeds, which make it possible to make further adjustments. The price of a high-end machine might range from several hundred to several thousand dollars.

What is the purpose of a serger?

Stitching a seam, trimming the excess seam allowance, and overcasting the edge of your fabric can all be accomplished with a single pass using a serger, which is also referred to as an overlock machine. This makes it possible to achieve stitching of professional quality in a fraction of the time it would take using two separate machines. They move at a breakneck pace!


In general, a serger sewing machine is a fantastic piece of equipment to have while working on a variety of clothes. By covering the margins of cloth seams with several threads, it is possible to provide a more professional appearance. If you want to make your outfits seem more professional and long-lasting, now is the perfect time to learn more about serger sewing machines.

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Aithley Balder

Hello there, my name is Aithley Balder from Texas. I am a cookware, sewing, toilet, technology enthusiast and I have been sharing my passion with my friends and likeminded folks for close to 4 years now. Don’t hesitate to get in touch with me via the contact page.

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