In the market, you’ll find four main types of digital cameras; they include compact, DSLR, bridge, and mirrorless cameras. The Mirrorless and the DSLRs have interchangeable lenses. When choosing an ideal digital camera, you should look at several factors, including the image quality, portability, weather resistance, and what you want from the film or photograph, among others. Let’s get more information about the different types of digital cameras.
Compact digital cameras
The compact digital cameras are the simplest and also the most commonly used cameras. These cameras are used for regular photography and thus referred to as “point and shoot cameras.” Because they are cheaper than other digital cameras, they have fewer features, which also reflect on the picture quality. They are also small and portable. The compact cameras are also categorized according to their sizes, with the smallest referred to as ultra-compact cameras. Images in these cameras are stored in the form of JPEG files. They also provide a live preview before taking the photos.
Additionally, they offer low power flashes that can be used when taking pictures in the dark. The compact cameras have an auto-focus feature. The features available in these cameras are of a lesser magnitude when compared to other cameras. For example, the flashes can only be used for nearby objects.
DSLR (Digital single-lens reflex)
These cameras were introduced in the late 90s, and since then, they have remained a darling of both inexperienced and professional photographers. Although the DSLR cameras are designed similarly to their film predecessors, these cameras provide incredible picture quality, several creative controls, and interchangeable lenses. Many DSLR cameras utilize APS-C sensors, but the high-end models are fitted with a full-frame sensor that bears the same size as a 35mm film. The only limitation of these cameras is they are pretty expensive and can be bulky.
Mostly the bridge cameras can be confused for single-lens reflex cameras (SLRs). But you must realize they have several features that differ from SLRs. Some of their distinguishing features include small image sensors, fixed lens, live preview of the picture before shooting, auto-focus and manual focus, image stabilization, and the images can be stored as compressed JPEG or as raw data. Although the bridge cameras have several similarities with the SLRs, they operate at a slower pace than the latter. Bridge cameras are big with fixed lenses that offer higher zooming capabilities and faster apertures. The image preview in these cameras can either be via electronic viewfinder (EVF) or LCD.
The mirrorless cameras are more compact than the DSLRs but lack an internal mirror that reflects light into the sensor. If you desire to get superb image quality using interchangeable lenses, with a lightweight camera, then a mirrorless camera should be your preferred choice. The mirrorless cameras are smaller but more advanced than the DSLRs. Additionally; they have superior features, such as fast shooting and 4K video. But note they don’t have as many accessories and lenses as the DSLRs. These cameras are ideal for video shooting, offer in-camera stabilization, are quieter, and provide fast shutter speed.
Which lenses should you purchase?
Excellent photographers don’t stick to one lens; if you’re keen on improving your career, you must change your camera lens often. Any professional photographer understands lenses are one of the most essentail camera accesories.
Best Camera Lens
Prime lenses enable your go get remarkably sharp photos since they have a set focal length (50mm) and high-quality glass. Zoom lenses, for example, 18-55mm, lets you to switch between various focal lengths and capture different images. Before choosing either zoom or prime lenses, you should know what you want in your photography since these lenses come in diverse focal lengths. For landscapes and architecture images, you need a wide-angle lens, but you must be keen to avoid distortion of the images around the edges.
On the other hand, standard lenses are perfect for weddings and portraits; this is because they’re close to the naked eye’s field of view. Use pancake lenses for travel and street photography. The telephoto lenses enable you to get close to the object while maintaining the sharpness; they are ideal for sports and wildlife photography. The macro lenses are suitable for taking flower and insect images since they enable you to focus on small objects.
When choosing digital cameras and lenses, it’s vital to know what you need in your photography. Once you’ve answered this question, choosing the perfect photography equipment becomes easier. An ideal digital camera should have the ability to produce high-quality images based on its features.