How to Sharpen A Chef Knife?

Fact Checked By:Aithley Balder

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A sharp chef’s knife is an essential tool for any kitchen, allowing you to easily slice, chop, and dice ingredients with precision and ease. However, over time, even the best knives can become dull and less effective, which is why it’s important to know how to sharpen your chef’s knife. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to sharpen your chef’s knife using either a sharpening stone or an electric sharpener, and provide some tips to help you achieve the best results. With a little practice, you’ll be able to keep your chef’s knife sharp and ready to tackle any culinary task.

How To Sharpen A Chef Knife

Sharpening a chef’s knife can be done using either a sharpening stone or an electric sharpener. Here are the steps for each method:

Sharpening with a Sharpening Stone

  • Soak the sharpening stone in water for about 10 minutes.
  • Hold the knife at a 20-degree angle to the stone, with the edge of the blade facing away from you.
  • Using light pressure, draw the blade across the stone in a sweeping motion, from the base to the tip of the blade, maintaining a consistent angle.
  • Repeat this motion on the other side of the blade, using the same angle and pressure.
  • Alternate sides until you have sharpened the blade to your desired sharpness.

Sharpening with an Electric Sharpener

  • Place the electric sharpener on a sturdy surface, and plug it in.
  • Turn the sharpener on and wait for the grinding wheels to begin spinning.
  • Hold the blade in the slot provided, with the edge facing down and away from you.
  • Pull the blade towards you, applying light pressure, and move it through the sharpening slot in a sweeping motion.
  • Repeat the process until the blade is sharpened to your desired sharpness.

Remember, always take your time and use caution when sharpening knives to avoid injury. It’s also important to regularly hone your knife with a honing steel to keep it sharp between sharpenings.


In addition to the steps I provided earlier, here are some more tips to help you sharpen your chef’s knife:

  • Make sure your knife is clean and dry before you begin sharpening. If it’s dirty or wet, it can damage the sharpening stone or electric sharpener and affect the quality of the sharpening.
  • When using a sharpening stone, start with the coarsest grit and work your way up to the finest grit. This will help you achieve a sharper edge on your knife.
  • Use a consistent angle when sharpening your knife. A 20-degree angle is standard for most knives, but some may require a different angle. You can check the manufacturer’s instructions or look online for information on the recommended angle for your specific knife.
  • When using an electric sharpener, make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully. Different models may have different settings and requirements.
  • Don’t use too much pressure when sharpening your knife. Let the weight of the knife do the work, and use a light, consistent pressure to guide it across the sharpening stone or through the electric sharpener.
  • After you’ve sharpened your knife, use a honing steel to realign the blade and remove any small burrs or nicks that may have formed during the sharpening process. This will help keep your knife sharp for longer periods of time.

With a little practice, you’ll be able to sharpen your chef’s knife quickly and easily, and keep it sharp and ready for all your culinary needs.


In conclusion, sharpening your chef’s knife is an important skill that every home cook or professional chef should master. A sharp knife not only makes cooking easier and more efficient, but it also improves safety in the kitchen. Whether you choose to use a sharpening stone or an electric sharpener, the key to achieving a sharp edge on your chef’s knife is using a consistent angle and light pressure. Additionally, regular honing can help maintain the sharpness of your knife between sharpenings. By following the steps outlined in this guide and practicing regularly, you’ll be able to keep your chef’s knife sharp and in top condition for all your culinary needs.

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Aithley Balder

Hello there, my name is Aithley Balder from Texas. I am a cookware, sewing, toilet, technology enthusiast and I have been sharing my passion with my friends and likeminded folks for close to 4 years now. Don’t hesitate to get in touch with me via the contact page.

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